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Escape Sequence in C

An escape sequence in C language is a sequence of characters that doesn’t represent itself when used inside string literal or character.

It is composed of two or more characters starting with backslash \. For example: \n represents new line.

List of Escape Sequences in C

Escape Sequence Meaning
\a Alarm or Beep
\b Backspace
\f Form Feed
\n New Line
\r Carriage Return
\t Tab (Horizontal)
\v Vertical Tab
\\ Backslash
\’ Single Quote
\” Double Quote
\? Question Mark
\nnn octal number
\xhh hexadecimal number
\0 Null

Escape Sequence Example

  1. #include <stdio.h>    
  2. #include <conio.h>  
  3. void main(){
  4. int number=50;
  5. clrscr();
  6. printf(“You\nare\nlearning\n\’c\’ language\n\”Do you know C language\””);
  7. getch();
  8. }

Output:

You
are
learning
'c' language
"Do you know C language"
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